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Quick Overview On Abortion Laws

Quick Overview On Abortion Laws


Abortion is a sensitive matter that affects women and their right to choose. The issue of abortion has been controversial, with people holding varied opinions. The government plays a key role in regulating the practice and implementing the laws that govern it. This article seeks to provide a quick overview of abortion laws in the United States, taking into account recent developments, government resources, and the implications of these laws.

Abortion Law Overview

Abortion has been legal in the United States since 1973, when the Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade legalized the procedure. In this decision, the Supreme Court held that a woman has the constitutional right to terminate a pregnancy before the fetus is viable, which is typically around 24-28 weeks into the pregnancy. After this point, states may regulate or ban abortion except in cases where the woman’s life or health is at risk.

Since the Roe v. Wade decision, there have been many legal challenges to abortion rights, with states trying to restrict access to abortion. Some of the ways this has been done include with measures such as waiting periods, parental consent for minors, and mandatory counseling.

State Laws

Abortion laws vary by state, with some states having highly restrictive laws while others have more permissive laws. Currently, there are six states that have laws that could be used to ban abortion entirely if Roe v. Wade were to be overturned: Louisiana, Mississippi, North Dakota, South Dakota, Missouri, and Arkansas. These laws criminalize abortion unless the pregnancy is a result of rape or incest, or the woman’s life is in danger.


One of the states that has gained significant attention for its abortion laws in recent years is Texas. In 2013, the state passed House Bill 2, which included provisions such as a 20-week ban on abortions and admitting privileges for doctors who perform abortions. These provisions were later struck down by the Supreme Court in the case of Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt in 2016.

In 2021, Texas passed another controversial abortion law called the Texas Heartbeat Act. This law makes it illegal to perform an abortion after a fetal heartbeat can be detected, which is usually around six weeks into the pregnancy. This is before many women even realize they are pregnant, making it one of the strictest abortion laws in the country. The law also allows private citizens to sue anyone who aids or abets an abortion, including healthcare providers and even family members who drive a woman to an appointment. This aspect of the law has faced significant criticism for enabling vigilantism.


The government provides various resources on the topic of abortion laws, including detailed descriptions of the laws in each state, statistics on abortion rates and other related data, and information on federal court cases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides yearly reports on abortion in the United States, including the number of reported abortions and trends in abortion rates and ratios. The National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) provides information on state policies that affect women’s health and access to reproductive care and provides legal assistance to those in need.

Impact of Abortion Laws

Abortion laws have a significant impact on women and their right to reproductive health care. When laws exist that restrict or ban abortion, those who need the procedure may face barriers that limit their access to care. This can be particularly concerning for those who may not have the financial means to travel to a state where abortion is legal or receive the necessary medical care. Furthermore, women may experience reduced access to comprehensive sexual health information, which is critical to preventing unintended pregnancies in the first place. Such laws may greatly impact low-income women, women of color, and rural women.


This article has provided a quick overview of abortion laws in the United States, with a specific focus on recent developments and government resources. The issue of abortion remains a controversial topic with many visible opinions and strong feelings. Abortion laws vary by state, with some states having more permissive laws and others having highly restrictive laws. The government provides resources for information related to abortion laws, including detailed descriptions of each state’s laws, statistics, and legal assistance. Abortion laws have a significant impact on women’s health and their right to make reproductive health decisions. As such, it is essential that all individuals are informed about the laws in their state and have access to relevant resources to obtain the necessary care for their health and well-being.

Abortion laws have been a topic of debate for many years. Abortion battles many ideas of ethical and moral issues. Currently, abortion laws are created by state legislature and therefore vary greatly. Abortion laws are based on whether or not the state itself is pro-abortion or anti-abortion. Currently in the United States, some general abortion laws must be abided by throughout all of the states. Abortion must be done, if the woman chooses to so, for the following reasons:

    • To protect woman’s life
    • To protect a woman’s physical healthy
    • If a woman is mentally unstable to have or take care of a child
    • If the child was conceived by a rape If the fetus has defects
    • If the family is unable to financially afford to take care of the child
    • A complete list of abortion laws which pertain to individual states can be found on the state’s official website.