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Paternity Testing Defined

Paternity Testing Defined

Paternity Testing Defined: An Overview

Paternity testing is a process used to determine, with a high degree of accuracy, whether a man is the biological father of a child. The testing is usually done through a DNA analysis, which compares the genetic material of the child and the alleged father. Paternity testing has become an increasingly common practice in recent years, with many individuals seeking to establish legal paternity for a variety of reasons. In this article, we will provide an overview of paternity testing, including the science behind it, the legal implications, and the different types of tests available.

The Science Behind Paternity Testing

Paternity testing relies on the fact that a child inherits half of their genetic material from their biological mother and half from their biological father. The genetic material, also known as DNA, contains instructions for the development and function of every cell in the body. DNA is unique to each individual, except for identical twins who share the same DNA.

DNA testing works by analyzing specific regions of DNA that are known to vary between individuals. By comparing the DNA from a child to that of an alleged father, a DNA analysis can determine the likelihood of paternity with a high degree of accuracy.

Legal Implications of Paternity Testing

Establishing legal paternity can have significant implications for both the child and the alleged father. In the United States, legal paternity can affect things like custody, child support, and inheritance rights. In some cases, a father may seek to establish legal paternity to have a say in important decisions regarding the child’s upbringing.

In most states, paternity can be established voluntarily through a written agreement, or through a court order. Paternity testing may be required if there is a dispute or if the alleged father refuses to acknowledge paternity. It is important to note that legal paternity does not automatically confer any rights to custody or visitation; these issues must be resolved separately through the court system.

Types of Paternity Tests

There are several types of paternity tests available, each with different levels of accuracy, cost, and complexity. Here are the three most common types of tests:

1. Buccal Swab Test: This is the most common type of paternity test and involves collecting DNA from the inside of the mouth using a swab. The test is painless and non-invasive, making it ideal for infants and young children. The accuracy of a buccal swab test is over 99%.

2. Blood Test: A blood test can also be used to determine paternity, but it is less common today due to the invasiveness of the procedure and the availability of less invasive alternatives. Blood tests involve drawing blood from the alleged father and child to compare their DNA. The accuracy of a blood test is around 99%.

3. Prenatal Paternity Test: A prenatal paternity test is performed during pregnancy to determine the biological father of the developing fetus. This type of test is more invasive and carries a greater risk than other types of paternity tests. Two methods of prenatal paternity tests are-Amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) test.


Paternity testing has become an increasingly common practice in modern times and has important legal implications for both the child and the alleged father. The science behind paternity testing is based on DNA analysis and provides a highly accurate way to determine paternity. There are several types of paternity tests available, each with their own benefits and drawbacks. As with any legal issue, it is important to seek the advice of a qualified professional when considering paternity testing.

Paternity Testing Defined

Although there have been a variety of paternity testing developed as modern science has expanded and grown, the notion of a paternity test can be instrumental in the lives of all individuals involved in a Paternity Test lawsuit; not only can the results of a paternity test affect the notion of custody with regard to the child – or children – in question, but paternity may also affect matters surrounding insurance, support, and legally-mandated financial restitution.

In addition to the United States Judicial system, DNA paternity testing is widely accepted as admissible in court proceedings with regard to the determination of paternity with regard to a Paternity Test lawsuit on an international level, as well; DNA paternity testing has been reported to be 99.9% accurate in its results.

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is considered by many to be the chemical and biological makeup up human beings; this hereditary instrument is responsible for the genetic traits, genetic code, and identity.

DNA paternity testing involves the investigation of individual DNA strands , which are distinctive within each individual; individuals who share blood relation share much of the same DNA – however, no two individual DNA strands are identical.

DNA paternity testing involves an applicator inserted into the mouth of the subjects (the birthparent and child in question) and briefly rubbed against the cheek in order to collect DNA samples; the sample is then introduced to an enzyme that allows for the subsequent tangential breakdown of that individuals DNA – this process is considered to be virtually painless.

The collected DNA strands are analyzed and compared with one another in a laboratory
Paternity Test: Associated Terminology

Within the scope of a Paternity Test lawsuit, a vast array of classifications exist; these legal classifications assist in a finite determination of parental responsibility, guardianship, and the legally-expressed custodianship that will be expected to be undertaken by any or all parents involved in a Paternity Test lawsuit.

While guardianship entails the legal and lawful responsibility of one individual for another, the parameters of minor laws allow for additional circumstances and pertinent details that can affect the ultimate determination – albeit responsibility – of guardianship:

Custodianship: The legally-expressed permission to mandate decisions with regard to the wellbeing, safety, and benefit with regard to a minor. Within the realm of custody, a variety of subgenres exist:

Sole custody is the expressed permission of custodianship given to a single birthparent in lieu of the other birth parent.

Joint custody is the sharing of custodianship between the two birthparents involved in a Paternity Test lawsuit.

Temporary custody is custodianship that is granted to one or both of the birthparents – or additional involved party – prior to a final court decision; temporary custody ill typically exist prior to the findings of a paternity test or in the event that the wellbeing of a child – or children – is in jeopardy.

Paternity Test Legal Assistance

The procedures and legislation implicit in the process of the investigation and lawsuit with regard to a Paternity Test charge can fluctuate on an individual, case-by-case basis. Elements examined in the determination of the validity and legality of a Paternity Test suitexist in conjunction with paternity testing and all applicable requirements.

In the event that an individual wishes to engage in a paternity test or request the testing of another individual, they are encouraged to consult an attorney specializing in family law, custody law, litigation, and child law. Paternity suits can be an extremely emotional and trying experience; an attorney can assist in the determination of paternity and – if applicable – the ability to receive financial assistance in the upbringing of a child.