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6 Types of Family Law Court Cases

6 Types of Family Law Court Cases


Family law court cases are some of the most sensitive and complex legal matters that courts handle. These cases involve a range of issues that arise within families, including divorce, child custody, support, and protection matters. Family law is a broad area of law that encompasses different types of family cases. This article will explore the six types of family law court cases that are most common.

1. Divorce

Divorce is the most common type of family law court case. Divorce cases occur when spouses seek to end their marriage legally. Divorce cases involve legal issues such as property division, spousal support, child custody, and visitation. The terms of divorce settlements are usually outlined in a divorce decree, which is a legal document issued by the court to finalize a divorce.

Divorce cases can be contentious and emotional, and it is recommended for the parties involved to try reaching an agreement through mediation or arbitration. In some cases, the court may order the spouses to attend therapy sessions to explore options to reconcile their differences before granting a divorce.

2. Child Custody and Visitation

Child custody and visitation are also a common type of family law court case. These cases can arise during or after a divorce or separation. Child custody determines which parent will have the legal right to make decisions about a child’s life, such as education, healthcare, and religion. Visitation, on the other hand, refers to the legal arrangements for the non-custodial parent to spend time with the child.

The court usually considers the best interests of the child when making custody and visitation decisions. Factors such as the child’s age, physical and emotional health, relationship with each parent, and the ability of each parent to provide for the child are usually taken into consideration.

3. Child Support

Child support is a type of family law court case that arises when a parent seeks financial assistance from the other parent to help raise their child. Child support can be ordered by the court as part of a divorce decree or in a separate child support case.

The amount of child support is usually based on the income of both parents, the number of children involved, and the child’s needs. In some cases, the court may order the parent to provide health insurance coverage for the child.

4. Adoption

Adoption is also a type of family law court case that involves a legal process to establish a parent-child relationship between a child and an adult who is not the child’s biological parent. There are different types of adoptions, including domestic adoption, international adoption, and stepparent adoption.

Adoption cases involve complex legal processes that involve the termination of parental rights of biological parents, the screening and selection of adoptive parents, and the placement of the child in the adoptive home. In most cases, the court requires an adoption home study, which involves a detailed investigation of the adoptive parents’ living conditions, financial status, and personal history.

5. Protection Matters

Protection cases involve legal actions to protect an individual from harm, such as domestic violence, harassment, or child abuse. These cases are usually initiated by a family member or a state agency, such as the Department of Child and Family Services.

Protection cases can involve restraining orders, temporary custody orders, and removal of the abuser from the family home. In some cases, the court may order the abuser to undergo counseling or substance abuse treatment to prevent future harm.

6. Paternity

Paternity cases are legal actions to establish the biological father of a child. In some cases, the father may dispute paternity, and a court order is necessary to establish paternity. Paternity is usually determined through DNA testing, and once paternity is established, the biological father can be required to pay child support and have visitation rights.


Family law court cases are complex and emotional, and it is essential to seek the guidance of an experienced family law attorney. The six types of family law court cases outlined in this article are the most common, but there are other types of family cases that may require legal action. Staying informed about your legal rights and options is critical in navigating family law issues. Remember that the court’s priority in family law cases is to act in the best interests of the child involved.

What is Family Law Court?

Family Law Court is the legal forum in which matters involving families and familial unites are brought in the form of a hearing in order to undergo judicial review. Family Law Court provides a setting in which applicable legislature and legal procedure with regard to family law takes place; this type of legislation may include any or all legal events, classifications, and legislative statutes identified as a result of the involvement of family members.

While certain circumstances may exist outside of familial structures, they may also reside under the jurisdiction of family law; however, the classifications of certain events are typically identified in accordance to a respective reliance on a family setting – as a result, certain family law courts may vary in the nature of the cases undertaken.

Crimes committed – or legal issues in need of judicial review – must adhere to their respective implicit legal stipulation(s); however, the identification of involved parties as immediate family members or relatives may result in further consideration, supplementary punitive measures, or contingencies.

Which Types of Cases are Heard in Family Law Court?

Typically, family law can be categorized into 2 primary classifications:

Legality involving parents, guardians, or custodians

Legality involving children and minors


In the event of a dissolution of marriage, different procedures can be used to terminate a failing marriage, including annulment, separation, or divorce. In certain cases, the couple in question may decide that a legal separation may be a more productivewith regard to irreconcilable differences.


With regard to agreements prearranged prior to marriage, certain married couples may have facilitated awards granted to the other party upon the dissolution of a marriage. Nuptial agreements are set forth prior to the finalization of a marriage agreement; in certain cases, agreements mandated in Family Law Courtcan be facilitated that prevent the awarding of alimony subsequent to the termination of a marriage.

Paternity Test

A Family Law Court will typically authenticate the results of paternity tests; paternity tests are classified as investigative scientific measures that are taken in order to determine the validity of paternity claims brought forth within a paternity lawsuit


Custody is a legal procedure used in conjunction with the determination set forth by the presiding court with regard to the responsibility of guardianship – or custodianship – of any or all children shared by a married couple; a presiding Family Law Court will typically be required to mandate custodial decisions

Child Support

Child support is a means of financial restitution in which a non-custodial parent can contribute to the expenses of raising children produced by a marriage. With regard to Family Law Court, Child support mandates are undertaken with regard to jurisdictional family law legislation; as a result, the amount of payment is determined by a variety of social, economic, and professional factors – achild support payment is monies paid by the non-custodial parent to the parent acting as the primary care custodian – or the custodial parent.


In the event that a minor seeks to emancipate themselves from their respective legal Guardian – or adjust the implied status of guardianship responsibility, a Family Law Court will review a petition of emancipation – upon emancipation, a Guardian will be relinquished of their responsibility of Guardianship.


A Family Law Court will typically oversee the authentication of legal adoption; prospective parents undergoing the adoption process will be able to participate in the judicial review of any or all implicit authenticity, substantiation, and validation concerning issues under the jurisdiction of legality.